Healthy motherhood | 9 Habits need to know

Prepare for the body before pregnancy is an important step in comparison with the period in pregnancy because of many cases of fetal deformities appear from the early months of pregnancy even before the pregnant women to recognize herself is pregnant.

healthy motherhood
So to avoid cases of babies born with the disease, malformation, pregnant women should certainly not ignore 9 prenatal preparation steps below.

9 steps to prevent Deformities in the fetus

1. Additional full 400mcg of folic acid a day

Folic acid is a B group vitamin that is used by the body to make new cells. Folic acid prevents cases of deformities affecting the brain and spine of the fetus such as anencephaly and spina bifida up to 50-70%.
In addition, folic acid supplementation may help prevent cleft palate, low birth weight, poor growth in the uterus, and miscarriage. The recommended supplemental dose is 400 mcg of folic acid per day, about 1 month before and during pregnancy.

2. Do not drink alcohol during pregnancy

Alcoholic beverages that are consumed during pregnancy will move through the bloodstream through the placenta and to the fetus through the umbilical cord. Drinking alcoholic beverages can lead to miscarriage, stillbirth and many other disorders in the fetus. Disorders in the fetus due to drinking beer (FASD) caused many problems such as lower than normal children unusual facial features, children are underweight, poor co-ordination, hyperactivity, poor memory, inability to study,  problems about hearing and eyesight, heart problems, kidney or bone.

3. Quit smoking 

Pregnant women smoking or inhaling cigarette smoke all negative impact to both mother and baby, lead to premature birth, fetal defects (cleft palates) and fetal death. Children born to smoking mothers if there during pregnancy will lightweight and poor development.

4. talk to your doctor about cures

Some drug treatment if taken during pregnancy can cause serious defects in the fetus, The safety of medicines for pregnant women is very difficult to determine if they are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, you should talk to your doctor about specific drug use, prescription drugs, including non-prescription medicines and food supplements.

5. Prevent infection

Infections during pregnancy are very dangerous and can be life-threatening. Pregnant women should take common measures to prevent infections such as:
  • Wash your hands clean
  • Do not share eating utensils and eat with young children
  • Cooked meat processing
  • Avoid consumption of milk and milk products not yet sterilized
  • Tests and prevent the sexually transmitted disease
  • Avoid contact with people with diseases like chicken pox and Rubella

6. Vaccine-preventable diseases

Periodic vaccine inoculation is essential preparation steps to prevent fetal deformities. Each vaccine will one uses disease prevention but in general all help to minimize the risk of fetal malformation. Vaccines also protect the health of the mother is not to spread the disease to children
Note: vaccination the vaccine at the right time and not miss any important injections

7. Control diabetes

Diabetes is not controlled will cause many health problems such as complications in pregnancy for the mother and deformities in the fetus. If diabetic, you need to have a plan to control the disease with a combination of medication, enhance physical activity and dining up to stabilize blood sugar.
Women with diabetes are also likely to suffer diabetes in pregnancy and if not treated, the fetus will suffer "big baby syndrome" means the condition of the pancreas to produce more insulin to remove too much sugar in the blood, causing the baby to grow too large. When is born, Baby will be vulnerable in the shoulder, low blood sugar, and respiratory problems. Children also have a higher risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes.

8. Maintain a reasonable weight

Pregnant women being obese (BMI higher than 30) before and during pregnancy have a higher risk of having complications. Obese mother is also an increased risk of malformations in the fetus. So, it's best to speak with your doctor about how to achieve and maintain a healthy weight before pregnancy.

9. Regular health exams

Regular health examination before pregnancy to help early detection of health problems that can affect the mother and baby (if any), so the treatment will be more effective and to avoid the risk of malformations in the fetus.